Glossary of Key Terms

Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG): Created by the Omnibus Budget and Reconciliation Act of 1990. The CCDBG was reauthorized in 1996 under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Funding began in FY 1991 to provide states the opportunity to increase the availability, affordability, and quality of child care services. In November 2014, the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2014 was enacted into law.

Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF): Consolidated entitlement and discretionary child care funding program created in 1996 as a result of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. CCDF consists of discretionary funds authorized by the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act and entitlement (or mandatory and matching) funds provided by the Social Security Act.

Note: CCDF is the regulatory term; this language is not directly found in the statutes.

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), Public Law 104-193: Statutory provisions unified a fragmented child care subsidy system to form the Child Care and Development Fund, which replaced child care programs under title IV-A of the Social Security Act—Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), Child Care, Transitional Child Care, and At-Risk Child Care. The Act repealed AFDC, Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training and Emergency Assistance, and created Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Native Employment Works. This law also amended the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act to increase funding levels.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): A comprehensive welfare reform program with time-limited assistance that focuses on moving recipients into work. TANF assistance to families can include child care, and states and territories can transfer 30 percent of TANF funds to the child care program. Once TANF funds are transferred, requirements of CCDF must be met for any services supported by the transferred funds.